The Times Australia

The Times


As a second wave of COVID looms in the UK, Australia is watching closely

  • Written by The Conversation

The United Kingdom has already been battered by COVID-19, with about 410,000 cases[1] and more than 41,000 deaths[2].

But after some respite over summer — and entreaties to “Eat Out to Help Out[3]” to boost the economy — the UK is now facing[4] a terrifying second wave. This week, experts predicted almost 50,000 new cases[5] a day by October if the current infection rate does not slow.

What does this mean for UK? And what is the significance for Australia as it watches on from the other side of the world?

New restrictions

This week, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced a new set of restrictions[6]. These include early closures of pubs and restaurants, working form home if possible and wearing masks in shops.

As Johnson warned, if people don’t comply, a second lockdown is on the cards.

Since Johnson himself almost died[7] of COVID in April, amid the UK’s disastrous first wave, international attention has been elsewhere. Not surprisingly, we have been looking instead to the United States[8], which has the highest number of deaths and is in the middle of an election.

Read more: The UK's new coronavirus restrictions explained by a public health expert[9]

There are are also dire stories coming out of India[10], France[11], Spain[12] and Indonesia[13]. But unfortunately, it’s time to look to the UK once again.

The UK’s COVID experience so far

With more than 41,000 deaths[14], the UK has the highest COVID death toll in Europe.

Londoners in mask line up for a bus Attention is once again on the UK and its COVID response. Dominic Lipinski/AAP

So the UK’s relaxation of restrictions[15] in July seemed counter-intuitive. While people in Britain have certainly enjoyed the summer sun, infections have once again climbed at an alarming rate[16].

The UK government’s policy choices can in part be explained by its hostility towards the public service. This is part of the so-called “Brexit revolution[17],” designed to shake up post-Brexit Britain.

This has seen decisions that suggest the government is choosing the evidence it likes, rather than what will best address the health crisis.

Read more: Coronavirus: why aren’t death rates rising with case numbers?[18]

The recently announced 10pm pub curfew[19], is a good example here — it is not clear that COVID only comes out late at night.

No one can doubt the difficult trade-offs required between health and the economy (although the two are much more linked[20] than public debates suggest). But the government appears to favour economic needs and seems cavalier with the public health consequences.

Trust in government, essential during a public health crisis, has suffered[21] accordingly. This was not helped when Johnson’s chief adviser, Dominic Cummings, broke the rules he helped set by travelling across England[22] during lockdown.

Cummings survived this scandal, which is down to Johnson’s 80-seat majority[23], won during last year’s “Brexit” election.

Those watching Johnson’s erratic COVID-response take note: when governments command big majorities, they can ride out political crises.

The Conservatives and the pandemic

Of course, a pandemic is especially difficult terrain for the conservative side of British politics. Like its US counterpart, from which it takes many of its cues, government intervention is anathema.

For many Conservatives, personal freedom and individual liberty are expressed through a functioning market economy. The strength of this feeling is seen in the criticism of Johnson (and the new restrictions) in the UK’s influential right-wing press[24] this week.

Sign, 'act now to avoid a lock lockdown' UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has warned a second lockdown is possible if COVID infections keep climbing. Jon Super/AAP

But others of course do not think Johnson has gone far enough, with parts of England already in local lockdowns[25]. Scotland has also taken a much clearer approach[26] to the pandemic, mirroring policies adopted in Australia and New Zealand, further boosting support for independence[27].

What does this mean for Australia?

What happens to the UK during COVID is more than just a passing headline in Australia. A looming second wave will not make it easier for Australians stuck in the UK[28] to come home.

Read more: Can we use the RAAF to bring home stranded Aussies overseas?[29]

Stranded Australians are also just the tip of the iceberg. People-to-people relations between Australia and the UK remain hugely significant. As of 2018, 1.2 million[30] people born in the UK were living in Australia.

The pandemic has also coincided with major geo-strategic shifts in both the UK’s relationship with the European Union[31] and Australia’s relationship with China[32].

Britain has recently angered Europe further with new legislation[33] that could ignore parts of its EU exit agreement.

But this does not affect Australia’s plans for a free trade deal with the UK, with talks there already underway[34].

Indeed, Australia and the UK now need each other more than they have for decades — despite their locations at opposite ends of the earth. The British even have former prime minister Tony Abbott as a UK trade envoy[35] to help.

A tough winter ahead

The current infection rates — combined with questionable decision-making from the Johnson government — do not bode well for a possible second lockdown in England.

Pedestrians outside Waterloo Station in London New UK restrictions could last for six months. Dominic Lipinski/AAP

As Melburnians can attest, a second lockdown does not have the “we’re all in this together” feel of the first. For England, this means that the pseudo-Churchillian rhetoric and invocation of the wartime spirit[36] will paper over the policy cracks even less.

Back in Australia, those people wanting to get to the UK will have to wait longer before such visits become possible. But given the increasing importance of both countries to each other, no doubt Australians and Britons will meet again some sunny day.


  1. ^ 410,000 cases (
  2. ^ 41,000 deaths (
  3. ^ Eat Out to Help Out (
  4. ^ now facing (
  5. ^ 50,000 new cases (
  6. ^ new set of restrictions (
  7. ^ almost died (
  8. ^ United States (
  9. ^ The UK's new coronavirus restrictions explained by a public health expert (
  10. ^ India (
  11. ^ France (
  12. ^ Spain (
  13. ^ Indonesia (
  14. ^ more than 41,000 deaths (
  15. ^ relaxation of restrictions (
  16. ^ alarming rate (
  17. ^ Brexit revolution (
  18. ^ Coronavirus: why aren’t death rates rising with case numbers? (
  19. ^ 10pm pub curfew (
  20. ^ are much more linked (
  21. ^ has suffered (
  22. ^ travelling across England (
  23. ^ 80-seat majority (
  24. ^ right-wing press (
  25. ^ local lockdowns (
  26. ^ much clearer approach (
  27. ^ independence (
  28. ^ Australians stuck in the UK (
  29. ^ Can we use the RAAF to bring home stranded Aussies overseas? (
  30. ^ 1.2 million (
  31. ^ relationship with the European Union (
  32. ^ relationship with China (
  33. ^ new legislation (
  34. ^ already underway (
  35. ^ UK trade envoy (
  36. ^ wartime spirit (

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